The most popular legal regulation of green packagi

2022-08-06
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Legal regulation of green packaging in foreign countries

1. legal regulation of green packaging in European countries

(1) legal regulation of green packaging in Germany

Germany passed the German Packaging Act in 1991 and revised it in 1998 according to the guide to packaging and packaging waste. In 1996, the circular economy and waste management law was promulgated and implemented, which stipulated that commodity producers and distributors should recycle packaging waste, requiring containers and packaging materials to be pasted with green as mentioned above. The elongation of polymer materials is far better than that of metal, fiber, wood, plate and other materials. The use fee of green signs depends on the difficulty of recycling packaging waste. In order to minimize the payment for the use of green signs, relevant enterprises strive to make the packaging simple and convenient on containers and packaging materials

(2) legal regulation of green packaging in Britain

the packaging waste Ordinance was passed in May1996. In 1993, a "producer industry group" was established by the packaging industry and 28 companies to promote the packaging waste collection and reuse treatment system throughout the country. 80% of the residents participated in its activities, and local governments were also responsible for organizing recycling and classification

the universal testing machine (auto parts testing machine) produced by Shandong Hengxu is widely used to stretch, shrink, bend, shear, peel off non-metallic materials such as rubber, plastics, textiles, wires and cables, composite materials, leather, waterproof coiled materials, non-woven fabrics, geotextiles, paper, and metal materials such as metal wires, metal foils, metal plates, and metal bars Tear and other mechanical properties experiments (3) the legal regulation of green packaging in Austria

in October 1992, the packaging regulations were passed, and then the packaging target regulations were published to supplement them, requiring producers and sellers to accept and recycle transportation packaging, second-hand packaging and sales packaging for free, and requiring that 80% of the recycled packaging resources be recycled and reused. In 1994, Austria introduced the draft packaging law, which more accurately elaborated the views of the above laws and included the contents of the European packaging "guide". The country has also established a recycling system, the most famous of which are "ecological boxes" and "ecological bags", which put empty drink and milk boxes inside, fill them and send them to the recycling station. The manufacturer specially sends people to send "eco boxes" and "eco bags" to consumers' homes for free, and takes away the full boxes and bags, thus greatly reducing the amount of waste each year

(4) legal regulation of green packaging in France

in 1993, the packaging regulations were formulated, requiring that the amount of domestic waste to be treated by landfill must be reduced. In 1994, the transport packaging regulations were promulgated, which clearly stipulated that the final users of all packaging except household packaging should separate the products from the packaging and be recycled by companies and retailers. French producers and importers have jointly set up an "ecological packaging Co., Ltd." as a recycling system for household sales packaging waste center. Anyone who signs a contract with the "ecological company" can affix a "punctuation" mark as long as he pays a certain fee, and has the right to use the company's goods. In addition, they also have companies specialized in glass packaging, pharmaceutical packaging and wood packaging waste recycling

(5) Belgium's legal regulation of green packaging

Belgium passed the national ecological law in july1993 and officially came into force in july1995. The country has also formulated an ecological tax, which stipulates that all food packaged with paper and reusable packaging can be exempted from tax, and the packaging of other materials must pay tax. Belgium has set up a joint-stock company named "foster Pallas", which is composed of 28 packaging manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers and recycling enterprises, and is responsible for the collection and classification of packaging wastes from urban residential buildings. 2. legal regulation of green packaging in the United States as early as the 1960s, the United States had noticed the harm of packaging waste. Therefore, some state governments began to take legal measures to forcibly recycle these wastes; As the state government came forward, the situation gradually eased, and a protection campaign entitled "protecting the beauty of the United States" was launched. In 1970, the U.S. government established a resource recovery system. By the end of the 1980s, because the federal government could not impose its opinions on the state governments on the issue of packaging waste, they took more active measures and formulated general policies. Members of Congress made a plan in response to some realities, including reducing the source of packaging, reusing, recycling and incineration. The States responded one after another. In 1993, the California government specially formulated the "beverage container ransom system", which stipulated that all hard plastic containers must be recycled in accordance with the requirements of reducing the consumption of raw materials by 10% or containing 25% recyclable substances proposed in 1991. The 1988 law of North Carolina stipulates that by 1997, if the food packaging materials cannot reach the recyclable content of 25%. Material, it is not allowed to expand the production of polystyrene. According to the recommendation of h.b51917 of Connecticut, the use of non recyclable substances in the packaging of consumer goods has been prohibited since 1995. New York a.b1839 recommends banning the sale and use of packaging materials made of polystyrene foamed plastics. The Florida government actively promotes the waste treatment pre charge law (hereinafter referred to as AFD) to make the cost of packaging waste treatment be borne by consumers who freely choose goods. In order to encourage packaging container manufacturers to recycle and support the implementation of the law, the ADF law stipulates that only a certain level of recycling can be achieved to apply for exemption from the recycling of waste. For example, according to various materials published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (DEP) every year, Containers with a recovery rate of more than 50% can be exempted from pre charge, so as to encourage all producers to ensure that at least half of their products can be recycled

3. legal regulation of green packaging in Australia

Australia's national packaging guide was published in 1991 and jointly prepared by representatives of industry, consumption and environmental protection departments convened by the government. In addition, each state has its own legislation on the inclusion of rigid polyurethane insulation materials. Queensland promulgated the "waste management strategy (Draft)" in May 1994. The draft has had a great impact on important national government agencies and established that both enterprises and consumers should be responsible for the disposal of waste. The draft emphasizes the development of the renewable materials market. In order to cooperate with the action, all obstacles hindering the reuse of recycled materials should be removed. 60% of the residents of the state have participated in the waste recycling system project, thus creating a good living environment for more than 3 million residents. Therefore, the Australian government takes this state as a model to promote the recycling of packaging waste nationwide

4. Japan's legal regulation of green packaging

Japan's Ministry of trade, industry and trade announced a suggestion on product packaging that the cable fault test generally adopts the flash method test set, which involves the treatment methods of packaging waste of consumer goods, reducing the amount of waste and encouraging recycling. It is suggested that when selling packaged goods that pollute the environment, a deposit should be charged from the customer, and the deposit will be refunded after the customer has consumed the goods and returned the packaging to the store. In line with this set of recommendations, the Japan Department Store Association has set up a committee to study ways to save energy and resources and work closely with suppliers and packers. The committee also worked out two sets of commodity packaging standards for department stores. The environmental protection focus of each set of standards is: the packaging raw materials or containers must not endanger human health, and the packaging materials that are difficult to degrade after being discarded should be used as little as possible to minimize the volume of the packaging; The space in the container should not exceed 20% of the volume of the product. The committee advocates the simplest packaging method, or even zero packaging, and try to avoid using packaging materials that are difficult to dispose of after being discarded. In recent years, Japan has successively stipulated a series of laws and regulations, such as the container packaging law, the household appliance recycling law, and the renewable resources utilization promotion law

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